Basic documents


Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) 

Article 14:

1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
2. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. 

Convention relating to the Status of Refugees Adopted on 28 July 1951 by the United Nations Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Status of Refugees and Stateless Persons convened under General Assembly resolution 429 (V) of 14 December 1950

Protocol relating to the status of refugees (1967) 

UN OCHA Guiding principles on internal displacement


Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union

OJ C 364, 18.12.2000, p. 1-22 (ES, DA, DE, EL, EN, FR, IT, NL, PT, FI, SV)

Article 2 al. 4 TEU: The Union shall set itself the following objectives: : (.) to maintain and develop the Union as an area of freedom, security and justice, in which the free movement of persons is assured in conjunction with appropriate measures with respect to external border controls, asylum, immigration and the prevention and combating of crime; (.) 

Article 63 EC: The Council, acting in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 67, shall, within a period of five years after the entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam, adopt:

1. measures on asylum, in accordance with the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951 and the Protocol of 31 January 1967 relating to the status of refugees and other relevant treaties, within the following areas (.)

2. measures on refugees and displaced persons within the following areas (.)

3. measures on immigration policy within the following areas. (.)

Council Resolution 97/C 221/03 of 26 June 1997 on unaccompanied minors who are nationals of third countries

Council Directive 2001/55/EC of 20 July 2001 on minimum standards for giving temporary protection in the event of a mass influx of displaced persons and on measures promoting a balance of efforts between Member States in receiving such persons and bearing the consequences thereof

Council Directive 2003/9/EC of 27 January 2003 laying down minimum standards for the reception of asylum seekers

Council Directive 2004/83/EC of 29 April 2004 on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted

Council Regulation (EC) No 343/2003 of 18 February 2003 establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national

Council of Europe

PACE Recommendations

Asylum (general)

Resolution 1568 (2007): Regularisation programmes for irregular migrants

Recommendation 1807 (2007): Regularisation programmes for irregular migrants

Recommendation 1547 (2002): Expulsion procedures in conformity with human rights and enforced with respect for safety and dignity:

Recommendation 1504 (2001): Non-expulsion of long-term immigrants

Recommendation 1348 (1997) on the temporary protection of persons forced to flee their country

Refugees and IDPs former Yugoslavia

Recommendation 1802 (2007): Situation of longstanding refugees and displaced persons in South-Eastern Europe

Recommendation 1569 (2002): Situation of refugees and internally displaced persons in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Recommendation 1510 (2001): Humanitarian situation of returnees to Kosovo

Recommendation 1588 (2003): Population displacement in South-eastern Europe: trends, problems, solutions

Recommendation 1569 (2002): Situation of refugees and internally displaced persons in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Recommendation 1424 (1999): Evaluation of the humanitarian situation in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, particularly in Kosovo and Montenegro


Southeast Europe

Resolution 1587 (2007): Situation of children living in post-conflict zones in the Balkans

Recommendation 1561 (2002): Social measures for children of war in South-eastern Europe

Roma refugees

Recommendation 1633 (2003): Forced returns of Roma from the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, including Kosovo, to Serbia and Montenegro from Council of Europe member states