“Lead exposure is a continuing urgent health problem for Roma in Kosovo. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations International Children’s’ Emergency Fund (UNICEF) have collaborated in blood lead surveillance of the Roma children living in refugee camps in Kosovo. In the last 3 rounds of blood lead testing, conducted between 2005 and 2007, on average, 30% of children tested had capillary blood lead levels > 45 μg/dL, the level at which CDC recommends chelation therapy. Few if any children in the camps have maintained a blood lead level < 10 μg/dL for their entire childhood. These children are at tremendous risk for a lifetime of developmental and behavioral disabilities and other adverse health conditions. “

October 2007

The report is available at: