The assessment, conducted from April 28 to May 16, 2003, was designed to: 1) analyze the status, perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of groups of internally displaced persons (IDPs) that hinder or promote their successful return and reintegration in their place of origin, and 2) determine the economic, political, and social preconditions that are necessary to create sustainable multi-ethnic communities. The Urban Institute of Washington, DC was engaged to carry out this work with the assistance of two Kosovar experts.

The assessment team conducted interviews with various IDPs groups and community residents, and then analyzed the factors that go into their decision-making and attitudes with regard to return, including social conditions, demographic differences, support available from international agencies and NGOs, job opportunities, living conditions, security, public information, and media. The team also focused on institutional structures and sectors that support or impede return and reintegration, including international agencies and their policies and programs, NGOs, local government administration and services, economic conditions, the overall political context, employment, security, freedom of movement, property rights, and rule of law.

This report describes the findings of the assessment team, presents its analysis of relevant issues, and provides specific guidance and recommendations to USAID/Kosovo on how existing and future programs within the new strategic framework can best support the conditions requisite to successful returns and reintegration.

June 2003

The report is available at:

http://www.usaid.gov/missions/kosovo/pdf/returns_report_kosovo.pdf