“This report will be focused on returnees who are citizens of Serbia and Montenegro and who no longer satisfy the conditions for receiving temporary protection in the Western European countries where they have been residing. The conditions under which citizens of Serbia and Montenegro are being returned to the country from which they had fled at some time in the past and in which they are now trying to start a new life are often incredibly difficult. There are no protective measures for their reintegration and the readmission agreements contain no guarantees that they will be taken care of upon their return. Returnees are often unaccounted for in the official statistics, and surveys of the situation made by some non-governmental organisations only reveal fragments of the problem.

Although the returnees differ from one another, by nationality, age and education, they share the same difficult economic and social situation once they have returned to SCG. This text will not make a distinction between the people who were removed by force and those who “voluntarily” returned as research shows that they were often pressured to return voluntarily in order to avoid the large number of difficulties resulting from a forced return with an official escort.”

July 2005

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